SECTIONS IN THE LEGAL NOTICES DIRECTLY AFFECTING VET PARAPROFESSAIONALS 1. VETERINARY SURGEONS AND VETERINARY PARAPROFESSIONAL S ACT 2011 Registered persons entitled to practise. 23. (1) Every registered veterinary surgeon shall be entitled to practise veterinary medicine and surgery and to demand, sue for and recover in any court of competent jurisdiction reasonable charges for professional aid, advice and visits and the value of any veterinary appliances or materials or substance supplied by him. (2) A veterinary para-professional registered under this Act shall perform the services set out in the Second Schedule and shall be entitled to demand, sue for and recover in any court of competent jurisdiction the reasonable charges for services so rendered subject to the conditions specified in that Schedule. (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (2), a veterinary para-professional may render necessary first aid in matters not specified in the First Schedule in cases of emergency, and shall as soon as is reasonably practicable thereafter refer such first aid cases to the nearest veterinary surgeon in private practice on a referral basis. SECOND SCHEDULE (S.23 (2)) SERVICES TO BE OFFERED BY A VETERINARY PARAPROFESSIONAL A-SERVICES The following may be performed by a Veterinary paraprofessional 2. Implementation of parasite control programmes in animals; 3. Meat inspection and other duties under the relevant legislation, if authorized therefor by the Director of Veterinary Services. 4. Delegated duties pertaining to regulated animal diseases, including the various eradication schemes. 5. Extension services (including training and education) to farmers and community members; 6. The collection, capturing and evaluation of data and the compiling of reports whilst assisting with epidemiological and research projects. 7. The collection of samples, including blood smears, impression smears, skin scrapings, and wool scrapings, and faecal samples (excluding the collection of samples by biopsy); 8. The examination and analysis of samples, including blood smears, skin and wool scrapings, urine analysis and faecal samples and elementary clinical chemistry; 9. Basic post mortem examinations and the collection and submission of samples; 10. Artificial insemination provided that the veterinary para- professional is 11. registered as an inseminator with the Director of Veterinary Services. 12. Any other function which may be assigned pursuant to this Act. B-Procedures 1. Closed castrations of cattle under 6 (six) months of age; 2. closed castrations of sheep and goats under 3 (three) months of age; 3. Open castrations of pigs up to thirty days of age; 4. Dehorning of immature cattle, sheep and goats under 4 (four) months of age; 5. Tail docking of sheep under 2 months of age by using the open method; 6. Hoof trimming; 7. Under the responsibility or direction of a veterinary surgeon — (i) the lancing of abscesses; (ii) the treatment of septic wounds; and (iii) the administration of injections and medicines. 8. Any other function which may be assigned pursuant to this Act. C- Execution of services Notwithstanding the provisions of Parts A and B of this Schedule a veterinary Paraprofessional shall perform the services referred to in Part A only during the course of delegated responsibility— (a) as an employee of the Government; or (b) as an employee of a registered veterinary surgeon. D-Services to be carried out by unqualified persons 1. The rendering of treatment in an emergency for the purpose of saving life or relieving pain, provided the case handed over to a registered veterinary surgeon or para-professional for follow-up. 2. The performance of any of the following operations by an animal owner on his own animals- a. closed castration of ruminants before the age of six months; b. the docking of a lamb before the age of six months; c. the amputation of the dew claws in a newborn puppy; d. the debudding of a calf under the age of four weeks: Provided that, without prejudice to the foregoing paragraphs of this Part - (i) the operations specified in (a) to (d) of this paragraph shall only be performed by persons of the age of or above eighteen; (ii) nothing in this Act shall authorize the castration of any animal mentioned hereunder after it has reached the age respectively shown— Bull ……………………… 6 months. Goat …………………….. 3 months. Ram …………………….. 3 months. 3. DRAFT CODE OF ETHICS (5) A veterinary surgeon has a legal and moral responsibility to the client and to the veterinary paraprofessional in the following respect: a) to personally examine the animal before the veterinary paraprofessional carries out any procedure unless such a procedure is allowed in the Act. b) to direct control and supervise the conduct of the veterinary paraprofessional in his practice. c) to authorize or require the veterinary paraprofessional to perform only such work as the veterinary surgeons know that the veterinary paraprofessional is capable of performing. 3. VETERINARY MEDICINES DIRECTORATE BILL (2) The Cabinet Secretary shall be guided in the categorization of veterinary medicines by the Council and shall place the veterinary medicines in the following categories: (a) Category I: Prescription Only Medicine–Veterinary Surgeon (abbreviated to POM-V) which comprises two sub-categories as follows: (i) Category IA: Controlled Veterinary Medicines include products which contain narcotic or psychotropic substances or other substances very dangerous at small quantities (ii) Category IB: Other POM-V, comprising products intended for administration following a diagnosis or clinical assessment by a veterinary surgeon or dispensed by a veterinary surgeon or pharmacist. (b) Category II: Prescription Only Medicine–Veterinary Surgeon, Pharmacist, and Veterinary Technologist who has served for at least five years in a veterinary pharmacy (abbreviated as POM-VPT), which contain; (i) veterinary medicines for use in food-producing animals; (ii) veterinary medicines in respect of which special precautions must be taken in order to avoid any unnecessary risk to the target species; the person administering the products to the animal; and the environment; (c) Category III: Authorised Veterinary Medicine–General Sales List (abbreviated to AVM-GSL) which may be traded by veterinary surgeons and all categories of veterinary paraprofessionals and includes; a. pest control veterinary medicines provided they are sold in the original package without repackaging and with an intact label. b. endoparasiticide veterinary medicines considered safe for use in food animals; c. endoparasiticide veterinary medicines for use in non-food animals d. any other product the Directorate may identify. (d) Category IV: Alternative Veterinary Medicine - General Sales List (abbreviated to AltVM-GSL) which shall include alternative veterinary medicines. Qualifications to operate a veterinary pharmacy 37.(1) A person who is a veterinary surgeon or holds other qualification recognized by the Council may apply to the Council for a permit to run a veterinary pharmacy. Wholesale permit 41. A person who desires to trade in veterinary medicines in bulk shall make an application to the Council for a wholesale permit and support the application with the following: (a) a certified copy of the certificate of registration or incorporation of the business name or body corporate and the memorandum and articles of association; (b) evidence that the business is under the management of a supervisor who- (i) is a registered veterinary surgeon permitted to carry out the business of veterinary pharmacy; and (ii) isa member of the Council of directors of the body corporate, and who is not acting in a similar capacity for any other body corporate.