Aligarh Muslim University

"Allamal insana malam ya’lam"

The University grew out of the work of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan who in the aftermath of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 felt that it was important for Muslims to gain modern education and become involved in the public life and Government Services in India at that time. Raja Jai Kishan helped Sir Syed a lot in establishing this university. The British decision to replace the use of the knowledge of Persian in the 1830s for Government employment and as the language of Courts of Law caused deep anxiety among Muslims of the sub-continent. Sir Syed then clearly foresaw the imperative need for the Muslims to acquire proficiency in the English language and "Western Sciences" if the community were to maintain its social and political clout, particularly in Northern India. He began to prepare the road map for the formation of a Muslim University by starting various schools. In 1864, the Scientific Society of Aligarh was set up to disseminate Western works into native languages as a prelude to prepare the community to accept "Western Education". Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah, The Aga Khan III has contributed greatly to Aligarh Muslim University in terms collecting funds and providing financial support.

In 1875, Sir Syed founded the Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College in Aligarh and patterned the college after Oxford and Cambridge universities that he had visited on a trip to England. His objective was to build a college in tune with the British education system but without compromising its Islamic values.

It was one of the first purely residential educational institution set up either by the Government or the public in India. Over the years it gave rise to a new educated class of Muslims who were active in the political system of the British Raj, and who would serve as a catalyst for change among not only the Muslim population of India, but of the entire subcontinent. When Viceroy to India, Lord Curzon visited the College in 1901, he praised the work which was carried on by the College and called it of "sovereign importance" .

The Nazrana Mohmaadi college was originally affiliated with the University of Calcutta, and was transferred to the Allahabad University in 1885. Near the turn of the century it began publishing its own magazine, and established a law school. It was also around this time that a movement began to have it develop into a university to stand on its own. To achieve this goal, many expansions were made with more and more programs added to the curriculum. A school for girls was established in 1907. By 1921(exact year 1920), the College was transformed into a university, and it was named Muslim University. Its growth continued. The first chancellor of the university was a female, Sultan Shah Jahan Begum. In 1927, a school for the blind was established, and the following year, a Medical School was attached to the university. By the end of the 1930s, the University had also developed its Engineering faculty.

Aligarh Muslim University is a Residential Academic Institution which was established in 1875. It was established by the Indian Muslims and the Act of Indian Parliament made it University. It is located in the city of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. Modelled on the University of Cambridge, it was among the first institutions of higher learning set up during British Occupation. Originally it was Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College, which was founded by a great Muslim social reformer Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Many prominent Muslim leaders, and Urdu writers and scholars of the subcontinent have graduated from the University. Aligarh Muslim University is a residential academic institution of International repute offering more than 250 Courses in traditional and modern branch of Education. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, a great social reformer of his age felt the need for modern education and started a school in 1875 which later became the Mohammedan Anglo Oriental College and finally Aligarh Muslim University in 1920. This is a premier Central University with several faculties and maintained institutions and draws students from all corners of the world, specially Africa, West Asia and South East Asia. In some courses, seats are reserved for students from SAARC and Commonwealth countries. The University is open to all irrespective of caste, creed, religion or sex.

Aligarh Muslim University is a residential academic institution offering more than 280 Courses in traditional and modern branch of Education.

It has currently 12 Faculties viz. Agricultural Sciences, Arts, Commerce, Engineering & Technology, Law, Life Sciences, Management Studies & Research, Medicine, Science, Theology, Unani Medicine and Social Science.

Currently the University has almost thirty thousand students, and over two thousand faculty members with over eighty departments of study. It continues to function as an education institution in India, and draws students from a number of countries, especially countries in Africa, West Asia and South East Asia. In some courses, seats are reserved for students from SAARC and Commonwealth countries.

Eminent Alumni of Aligarh Muslim University (AMU)

* Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Freedom Fighter also known as Frontier Gandhi
* Zakir Hussain, Former President of India
* Mohammad Hamid Ansari, Current Vice President of India, Chairman of the National Commission for Minorities (NCM), Academician, Former Diplomat, and former Vice-Chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University
* Ishwari Prasad, Historian
* Sheikh Abdullah, Prime Minister of Kashmir and later served as Chief Minister of Kashmir
* Dr. Rahi Masoom Reza, Eminent Writer, Mahabharat Teleserial fame
* Shahid Lateef, Eminent Hindi/UrduFilm Director: Dev Anand and Late Kaifi Azmi started their fim careers with him
* Sahib Singn Verma, Indian Politician from BJP and Former Chief Minister of Delhi
* Mohammad Yunus, A former diplomat and ambassador to Spain, Turkey and Indonesia
* Dhyan Chand, Considered the Greatest field hockey player ever
* K. Asif, Legendary Film Director of Mughal-e-Azam fame
* Lala Amarnath, Former Indian Cricket team Captain & Father of Mohinder Amarnath
* Naseeruddin Shah, Well known Hindi/Urdu Film Actor
* Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Researcher, Critic, Linguist, Author, Scholar of Urdu literature & Linguistics, Educationist & Spiritual Leader of Pakistan
* Shibli Nomani, Islamic Scholar
* Liaquat Ali Khan, First Prime Minister of Pakistan
* Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi, Foremost Pakistani Urdu humorist
* Mukhtar Masood, Urdu writer, Pakistani bureaucrat
* Abul Lais Siddiqui, Researcher, Critic, Linguist, Author, Scholar of Urdu literature & Linguistics
* Shakeel Badayuni, an accomplished Urdu poet, lyricist and songwriter
* Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Urdu writer, researcher, linguist, lexicographer
* Syed Waqar Ahmed Rizvi, Researcher, Critic, Linguist, Author, Scholar of Urdu literature & Linguistics
* Mir Mahfooz Ali, Judge, Revenue Secretary (Khairpur State), Writer, Muslim League founding Signatory
* Ch. Abdul Hameed Khan, Rehabilitation Commissioner of East and West Pakistan.
* Amin Kamil, One of the greatest poets in Kashmiri language
* Javed Akhtar, Famous lyricist and scriptwriter of Salim-Jawed fame of Sholay
* Gulgee, World-renowned Pakistani artist famous for his paintings and Islamic calligraphy
* Ali Ashraf Fatmi, Minister of state, HRD, Govt. of India 2003-present
* Mushtaq Ali, Former Indian Cricket Team captain
* Prof P.S. Gill, Renowned Physicist
* Prof. Mohammad Habib, Noted Historian and freedom fighter
* Dr. Irfan Habib, World Famous Historian
* Zafar Iqbal, Former India Hockey Team Captain
* Majaz (Asrarul Haq), Urdu Poet and writer of AMU Tarana
* Nawab Mirza Aqil Hussain Barlas, Persian Scholar & Incharge of Egyptian Embassy
* Prof. Abdur Rahman Hanafi, AMU Alumni and Professor, Mathematician and Activist
* Prof. Aley Ahmad Suroor, Famous Urdu critic, Writer & recipient of Padma Bhushan[2]
* Prof. Rasheed Ahmad Siddiqi, Famous Urdu critic and writer
* Kaifi Azmi, Famous Urdu Poet
* Bilquis Azmat Gauhar, Professor, Meteorologist, Writer, 1922-2003
* Mushirul Hasan, Professor, Currently Vice Chancellor of Jamia Millia Islamia
* Syed Zahoor Qasim, Father of Oceanography and Polar research in India
* Prof. Moonis Raza, Noted Academician, freedom fighter and former Vice Chancellor Delhi University
* Anubhav Sinha, Famous director of Hindi movies (Tum Bin, Dus, Cash etc.)
* Dalip Tahil, Famous Hindi movies artist
* Sahib Singh Verma, Former Chief Minister of Delhi State & former Union Cabinet Minister
* Prof. Abrar Mustafa Khan, Emeritus Professor and Father of Nematology in India[3]
* Zarina Hashmi, Highly ranked modern artist[4][5]
* Prof. Nazir Ahmad, Professor Emeritus, Persian Scholar, Critic, Linguist, Lexicographer and Editor
* Justice Niamatullah, Former Justice of High Court - Allahabad
* Rahman, Actor, worked in films like: Waqt, Sahib Bibi aur Ghulam etc.
* Zubeda, Leading lady of first talkie movie of India-Alam Ara
* Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, A leading movie scriptwriter & director, and journalist
* Prof. Dr. Syed Khalid Rashid, A leading authority in Wakaf Law
* Majrooh Sultanpuri, A leading lyricist of Hindi/Urdu Film Industry...

* and counting...