Kalanekethan Sunderland

The ancient Bharatanatyam dance was originally a temple dance from South India, has been described one of the richest and It combines music, dance, drama, poetry to create complete and stylized artistic endeavor. Bhratanatyam`s roots are thought to date back to more than 2000 years ago.

The word Bharata is derived from three main components:
Bhava, showing emotions; Raga, melody; Tala rhythm. It has been called as Sathir, Koothu in ancient Tamil literature. Its called Bharatanatyam in recent years and spread around the globe. Bhratanatyam plays a major role in interpreting mythology and story telling about historical events in present environment.

'Abhinaya' literally means, "to carry towards" (the prefix 'abhi' means 'towards' and the root 'ni' means 'to carry'). Thus carrying of an idea towards the spectator or in short to educate is "Abhinaya".
'Abhinaya Darpanam' mentions: The actors educate the spectator by stimulating in him or her the latent possibility of aesthetic experience. Thus Abhinaya is necessarily a representation, which is able to suggest or present the psychological status of characters in a dramatic representation or in dance.
It became more and more adopted among the people and has become a way of expression in contemporary performances.
Bharata Natyam is poetry in motion, derived from Natya Shastra and its written by Bhrata Muni,
According to Natya Shastra Classical dance has three distinct divisions and aspects:

Nritta corresponds to pure dance steps performed rhythmically.
Nritya relates to Sentiment: rasa and Psychological States: bhaava
Natya corresponds to drama including both Nritta and Nritya

This dance is based on South indian classical music Carnatic characterized by melodious raga and rhythmic tala.

Creating Rasa means to give aesthetic delight or to give an experience of ultimate bliss and happiness when viewing a dance performance. Thus it could be best translated as the aesthetic feeling that is created in the spectator when he or she witnesses an effective presentation of the art.